Jack Burke Jr died Friday at the age of 100

Jack Burke Jr., a member of the United States Golf Hall of Fame and winner of the Augusta Masters and the PGA Championship in 1956, died Friday at the age of 100.

by Andrea Gussoni
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Jack Burke Jr died Friday at the age of 100
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Jack Burke Jr., a member of the United States Golf Hall of Fame and winner of the Augusta Masters and the PGA Championship in 1956, died Friday at the age of 100. The Golf Hall of Fame announced the sad news on social media and recalled that Burke Jr.

was also the founder of the Champions Golf Club in Houston. Burke Jr., who was inducted into the Golf Hall of Fame in 2000, left us in Houston ten days before his 101st birthday.

Jack Burke Jr., history

Jack Burke Jr. thus becomes the first winner of one of the main golf tournaments to reach the age of one hundred.

Originally from Fort Worth, Texas, and born into a family of golfers, he began his golf career at age seven in 1930. After World War II, he resumed his career as a professional golfer. In 1950, he achieved his first major triumph by winning the Bing Crosby Pro-Am, and in 1952 he took the Texas Open.

However, the year 1956 was the high point of his career, as he first became champion at the Augusta Masters in April and then, in July of the same year, won the PGA Championship. His last major tournament triumph came in 1963 when he won the Lucky International Open.

The loss of Jack Burke Jr. is a sad moment for the world of golf, remembering a true icon of the sport who left a lasting legacy in the history of the game. The push for the creation of the Official World Golf Rankings came from the tournament committee of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, which in the 1980s realized that the system it adopted, i.e.

sending invitations for participation in the British Open by analyzing each tour individually, was leading to the exclusion of more and more top-level players as they split their commitments across multiple different tours, and by the influential sports manager Mark McCormack, who became the first president of the international committee that oversees the creation of the rankings.

The system used to develop the rankings was developed based on that of McCormack's World Golf Rankings, which had previously been published in his World of Professional Golf Annual from 1968 to 1985, which was an unofficial ranking and was not used for other purposes such as selecting players to invite to tournaments.

The first ranking was published before the 1986 edition of The Masters. The top six players were: Bernhard Langer, Severiano Ballesteros, Sandy Lyle, Tom Watson, Mark O'Meara and Greg Norman. The top three were therefore European players, but among the top fifty, thirty-one were Americans.

Over the years the method of calculating the ranking has changed a lot. Initially the ranking was calculated over a three-year period, with the current year's score multiplied by four, the previous year's score by two and the score from two years earlier left unchanged.

The ranking was drawn up with the total score and the overall points rounded to the nearest whole value. All tournaments recognized by the professional tours and some of the invitational tournaments were classified into categories, ranging from "major tournaments" (where the winner received 50 points) to "other tournaments" (where the winner received a minimum of 8 points ).

In each tournament the other classified players also received points in proportion to their placement starting from the second place which received 60% of the points due to the winner.

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