In 2006, Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer competed for the first time in a final at the Rolex Monte-Carlo Masters. That year, Federer dominated the ATP Tour, but Nadal once again showed his superiority on clay. The Spaniard defeated Arnauld Clement, Guillermo Coria, and Gaston Gaudio among others.
Federer won in the first round against a young Novak Djokovic, but he also defeated David Ferrer and Fernando González. The final matches in the ATP Masters 1000s were still played as best-of-five sets: in the final, Nadal won his second title in Monaco by beating his rival 6-2, 6-7(2), 6-3, 7-6(5).