The University of Georgia is a public university located in Athens, Georgia, United States. Founded in 1785, it is the oldest and largest institution of major education in the state.
The University of Georgia is part of the University System of Georgia. It is also a member of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. It is classified as a Research University/Very High Activity. On January 27, 1785, the Georgia General Assembly issued a document signed by Abraham Baldwin for the University of Georgia to be the first state university.
Sixteen years later, in 1801, a committee of the university's board of trustees selected a site on a hill below Cedar Shoals for the university to stand on. On July 25, John Milledge, one of the trustees and later governor of Georgia, bought 1,000 square miles of land from Daniel Easley and donated it to the university.
During the American Civil War, the university closed in October 1863 and reopened in January 1866. In the summer of 1903, after a century of exclusively white male education, UGA opened to female education, but the girls were admitted to undergraduate courses only in 1918.
In 1961, UGA was involved in part of the civil rights movement when Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes became the first two African American students to enter the University of Georgia. The University of Georgia offers 140 graduate programs in a variety of disciplines.
Featuring 13 libraries scattered across campuses, they contain 4.7 million volumes and one of the largest collections of maps in the American nation. UGA Libraries is a member of the Association of Research Libraries. The University of Georgia is organized into 18 schools and colleges and consists of 3 main campuses: the largest one is located in Athens while the other two are in Tifton and Griffin.
The University's sports teams are called the Georgia Bulldogs. A member of the Southeastern Conference, the Bulldogs have won 37 national championships and 130 conference titles. The Georgia Redcoat Marching Band is the official marching band of the University of Georgia.